What is Dandruff

What is Dandruff

It is something that many people tend to get when growing up. If you are an adult, you have a one in half chance of getting it. Putting it simply, it is a skin condition that mainly affects the scalp of your head. There are many medical symptoms but they can be more profound than simply medical problems. Then there is a worse form of this condition, which creates inflammation of the skin. This is known as seborrhoeic dermatitis.

Causes & Symptoms

Dandruff causes flakes and an itchy, scaly scalp are the main symptoms of dandruff. White, oily flakes typically accumulate in your hair and on your shoulders and often get worse during the fall and winter months, when the air is dry.

This comes about as a result of a yeast-like fungus called Malassezia Globosa that feeds on your scalp oils.  While these fungi consume the oils by using enzymes, the result is an oleic acid that seeps onto your scalp. This results in the skin on your scalp to shed. 

The other minor causes are known though. They are:

Irritated and oily skin 

It is one of the most frequent causes of dandruff. The signs if you have is this red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis is the name given to this condition, and it can affect many other areas, such as your eyebrows, etc . . . 

Rarely using shampoo 

Regularly washing your hair and body is important in preventing debris and dead skin cells from building up on your scalp. This, in turn, can create dandruff. 

Dry skin

One simple reason could be that you have dry skin. To go about identifying if it is dry skin, the best way to do it is to examine the flakes. Flakes from dry skin are smaller and less oily than other causes. If you do end up identifying it as dry skin, it is most probable that you have dry skin over other parts of your body.


There are no absolute cures found yet. Sure, treatment exists that can help manage dandruff, but outright curing it is not possible. Then it begs the question as to why do we need to treat it at all?

It can result in social or self-esteem problems outside of medical problems. Then there is the issue of it being a long-term, chronic condition that will come and go over time. This is why it’s important to know the signs of dandruff and how to treat it properly.


While shampooing regularly can help to reduce symptoms of dandruff, it won’t really solve the underlying problems or eliminate the flakes altogether. That’s why there’s a massive market for dandruff shampoos — people spend about $300 million each year on dandruff treatment products. Look for products containing ketoconazole, tea-tree oil, coal tar, zinc pyrithione. There are some others as well, but the ones listed will work as well. Locate a shampoo which has one of these ingredients and use it on your hair every day till you are able to bring it under control.

If you have any other questions regarding dandruff, please contact us!


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